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Bachelor of Science in Neuroscience

Working with the Brain and the Human Body Within a Bachelor of Science in Neuroscience Program

Bachelor of Science in NeuroscienceMany documentaries were already done in unlocking the power of the mind and revealing how the brain and mind work together. Our memories, either short term or long term, are associated to learning and vice-versa. There are people who suffer from short-term memory defects or amnesia. What happens inside their brain? How can they forget something that has been part of their consciousness like an experience, a name, a place?

Our dreams are also fascinating to study. Although the study of dreams is also associated with Psychology, still our brain’s activities when we are asleep definitely use energy or electricity from our neurons. They say we do not see colors in our dream. Why is that?

And why other people have higher IQ than the average individuals? How do they develop such? What happens inside their brains when they answer IQ tests?

The highest IQ record holder is Abdesselam Jelloul. In 2012, he went through a 13-dimentional IQ test and scored an adult IQ of 198. Before him, the highest IQ ever recorded was by Marilyn vos Savant with a score of 185. Others who made remarkable history were famous chess master Bobby Fischer with 187, Korean child Kim Ung-Yong with an IQ of 210, Albert Einstein with 160 and Leonardo da Vinci with 190.

Taking a “Brainy” Path

The field of Neuroscience could possibly provide answers to these questions.  A Bachelor of Science in Neuroscience is a degree program that covers behavioral and brain sciences. It is the study of the nervous system and its cells. It gives special focus on the study of the central nervous system, the brain – its system, characteristics, and components – both cellular and molecular. A degree in Neuroscience is a preparation for graduate or medical degrees including dental, biomedical research and other health sciences.

A neuroscience major would also study the various functions, malfunctions, interactions of the nervous systems to the other parts of the body. There will also be studies on the cognitive functions of the brain and the human brain development. The goal of a Neuroscientist is to identify and understand the various systems that enable the brain to function as such and how could this help to advance the understanding of mankind – how we think, how we express emotions, how we learn and use language, and more.

Careers for Neuroscientists

There are several job opportunities for neuroscientists. Those who specialize in the molecular level can work on antibodies and genetic probes in medical research centers; the neuroanatomists work on structure of the nervous system; the neurosurgeons work on major surgeries involving the nervous system; and the developmental neuroscientists who work on the brain development – they can either work for educational and medical institutions.

Other careers for starting students are psychologist, clinical neuropsychologist, neuroimmunologist, psychopharmacologist, animal neurologist, biotechnologist, patent agent, neural stem cell researcher, genotyping, neural network researcher, neural engineer and neuroeconomist. The average salary for starting students with undergraduate degrees is US $26,000 per year while the full-pledged Neuroscientists can get a salary of as high as US $90,000 per year.

Other can also work with the government or take full-time jobs in publications. Book-writing and advocacy works are also enticing career paths for degree-holders of Neuroscience.

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Bachelor of Science in Meteorology

Explain Atmospheric Phenomena With Bachelor of Science in Meteorology Program

Bachelor of Science in MeteorologyThe ancient Greek civilization paved the way to the study of many disciplines – from Philosophy, Science, Mathematics, Economics and Politics, and even Meteorology. Meteorologica, is a book written by the great Greek philosopher with arguments about the state of the atmosphere. He gave remarkable observations about the rain and hailstorms. However, many other observations were later proven to be wrong.

But the most important point is that Aristotle opened the minds of the next generation into studying the mysteries of the skies. The relationship of the elements in the atmosphere like the clouds, the rain, the wind, the gases that compose the atmosphere and their effect to our daily lives was studied by those who followed his lead.

Today, more than ever, our fast-phased life is confronted by climate change. Everything we do is relative to our environment. There are numerous issues about climate change, water and energy consumption and the destruction of our planet. More than ever, the Meteorologists are needed to help understand the climate and prepare us, either for the worse or for the regeneration of Earth.

Learning the Atmosphere’s Behavior

After more than 2,000 years, scientists who followed Aristotle’s studies invented the necessary tools to understand the atmosphere. Devises and scientific gadgets were invented to measure the speed of the wind, the humidity of the air or to identify the gases in the air or to document the changes in the atmosphere.

Today, lo and behold, even degree courses dedicated for such study are now available for the more critical and empirical minds.

The Bachelor of Science in Meteorology is the scientific study of earth’s atmosphere, its qualities and nature, and all the related elements affecting earth’s climate. It is a four-degree course that is better matched with a higher degree in physics, mathematics, biology, chemistry or astronomy.  All the physical sciences involved in the study of atmosphere are likewise related to this degree.

A preparatory program from high school is important for those want to study Meteorology. High School programs that are heavy in Science, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics are priorities.

As for the colleges, the best degree programs for Meteorology can be found in Canada and United States. The top five universities in US offering Bachelor of Science in Meteorology are the University of Miami, University of Washington, University of Oklahoma, Texas A & M, and Pennsylvania State University.

There are courses under Meteorology that are worth-checking like map analysis, weather forecasting and communications, environmental meteorology, weather risk management, and computer methods of meteorological analysis and forecasting.

What do Meteorologists do?

Graduates of a degree in Meteorology and related sciences can work in atmospheric research center, weather forecasting, and other kinds of applied meteorology. They can also teach in universities and educational centers, join studies and explorations or work for the federal and state governments.

The invention of weather devices that predicts storms, low pressure areas, tornadoes and determines volumes of rainfall or the speed of wind is due to the research and studies of Meteorologists. Today, we have the radar system, satellites and other technologies being used by weather forecasters.

The weather forecasts from the National Weather Service provide great help to the public and the industries and business in the agriculture, water and energy, as well as in selected industries.

The United States government is the largest employer of Meteorologists. The agencies that hire Meteorologists include National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)- National Weather Service, US Air Force, US Navy,  Department of Defense, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Department of Energy, and the Department of Agriculture. There are also growing demands from the universities, private atmospheric research centers, consultancy firms, media networks, and other NGOs. The average salary for Meteorologists is US $58,000 to US $87,780 per year.

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Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering

Building Machines and Technology With a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering Degree

Bachelor of Science in Mechanical EngineeringIndustries will not flourish without the creative and dedicated engineers on field and off the field. Production lines work perfectly producing the best products we could buy, making our life a lot easier and more comfortable. We eat, drink, work, study, play and sleep every day. And everything that we consume or use was manufactured for us by thousands of industries and manufacturers around the world.

Did it ever occur to you how many people in the production line need to work on a single car that is manufactured by a motor company? And what are the machines and equipment they use to manufacture our car so we will be comfortable and safe when we drive it?

Millions of canned and processed foods are manufactured everyday while millions of chickens need to be dressed before they hit the hypermarket stands. Bare hands cannot make these things possible. Mass production becomes possible because of the engineers who design machinery and equipment for these mega-factories.

Creating is one thing and innovating is another. The engineers’ work is limitless. In a world that is populated by almost 2.3 billion, there is no denying that life is tough without the help of machines.

Builders and facilitators

They develop and build mechanical devises used in industrial operations and processes. They are the Mechanical Engineers.

Mechanical engineers basically plan, study, develop, test, build and innovate mechanical devises, machinery, equipment, engines and other tools needed by industries.

A Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering is one of the disciplines of engineering which covers a broad curriculum that includes research, mathematics, physical sciences, engineering and design, management and manufacturing or production systems.

The degree programs usually take four to five years depending on the university with integrated paid internships and theoretical course-studies in preparation for industry work or related-career shift.

Other colleges and universities help students to cope with the financial requirement for the degree so actual work experience is encouraged with the backing of the college.

The best colleges and universities where to study Mechanical Engineering are:

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
  2. Stanford University (United States)
  3. University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  4. Imperial College London (United Kingdom)
  5. University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
  6. Harvard University (United States)
  7. National University of Singapore (NUS)
  8. The University of Tokyo (Japan)
  9. Georgia Institute of Technology (united States)

10. University of Michigan (United States)

Meanwhile, In order to become a licensed Mechanical Engineer, one has to complete the qualifications executed by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). The accreditation sanctions the proficiency of engineers in actual work. Professional engineers (PEs) working directly in public agencies also need ABET accreditation, examination passage and four years of work experience.

Salaries of Mechanical Engineers

The average annual wages in sample industries employing mechanical engineers as follows:

  1. Federal government – US$91,000
  2. Research and Development – US$88,190
  3. Aerospace product and parts manufacturing – US$83,870
  4. Navigational, measuring, electromedical,
    and control instruments manufacturing  — US$83,310
  5. Architectural, engineering – US$82,210

The US BLS reported that Mechanical engineers have the second largest number in the engineering field with jobs numbering to 243,200 in the year 2010. Most of them work in manufacturing companies for instruments, engineering and research.

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Bachelor of Science in Manufacturing Engineering

Bachelor of Science in Manufacturing Engineering: Exploring Engineering

Bachelor of Science in Manufacturing EngineeringSpecialization and value-adding is the most profitable trend in the industrial sector as companies and multi-billion industries look for new products, new services and innovations. The emerging requirements and trials in the industrial sector give birth to new fields such as in the field of Engineering.

A lot of people may not realize that Engineering has a diverse spectrum of sub-fields that addresses specific needs of companies and industries. There is Civil and Structural Engineering, Mining Engineering, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Manufacturing Engineering.

Of course, all engineering degrees require heavy loads on Mathematics, Geometry, Algebra, Calculus and the Science of Computing. But for every specific sub-field, a unique curriculum is introduced to focus the learning on a certain specialization. It is the new trend and as the world develops and evolves, much has been broken down to specifics and details.

Engineering and Manufacturing

As the two words suggest, a Bachelor of Science in Manufacturing Engineering degree is a combination of the traditional Engineering subjects, manufacturing knowledge and economics. But in a more layman explanation, the degree aims to teach students how to transform engineering theories into new technologies and products or services that would sell in the industrial market. Take for example robotics, prototype designs, control systems designs, computer-aided systems for manufacturing and more.

Aside from these, those taking a degree of Bachelor of Science in Manufacturing Engineering also study the fundamentals of human communication, Production and Operations Management, Manufacturing Systems Management, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Foundations of Computer Science, Engineering Economic Analysis, and Principals of Economics.

There is also an accreditation body that approves program for Bachelor of Science in Manufacturing Engineering – this is the Technology Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (TAC of ABET). ABET is approved by the US Government and internationally accepted. Most programs offered by schools and universities are accredited by ABET. As for employment, ABET-accredited programs are given points by employers looking foe engineers.

Career outlook

Manufacturing engineers, just like other engineers from other sub-fields receive an average of US$75,000 to US$90,000 per year. Engineers are in-demand all over the world because of the non-stop development in the industrial world. Graduates of the degree can apply as Manufacturing Engineer, Tool Manufacturing Engineer, Project Engineer, Application Engineer, Plant Manager, Optical Manufacturing Engineer, Tool Design Engineer, and Product or Process Development Engineer.

The salary of manufacturing engineers varies depending on the industry, location, experience and educational attainment. In Houston, Texas, engineers’ salaries can go as high as UD$102,000.


The leading universities in US offer this degree including MIT, UCLA, Michigan and other but the more popular schools offering this degree are as follows:

o            Florida A&M — Florida A&M University’s Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering offers bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctorate degree in manufacturing and quality engineering.

o          Ferris State University – it offers a bachelor’s degree. At least a 2.0 grade-point average is needed to complete the program.

o            Boston University  — it offers both master’s and bachelor’s degrees. Boston’s curriculum includes micro-electromechanical systems, also known as MEMS, robotics and green manufacturing. The grade ceiling is 3.0 or higher.

o          The North Carolina State University’s Integrated Manufacturing Systems Engineering Institute (IMSEI) – it offers a master’s program that is inter-disciplinary.

In Asia, the leading schools for engineering are the University of Tokyo, Seoul University and leading schools in China, India and Philippines.